He found age, gender, poverty, education, and alcohol consumption were important factors to crime.
Émile Durkheim viewed crime as an inevitable aspect of a society with uneven distribution of wealth and other differences among people.
Sociological positivism suggests societal factors such as poverty, membership of subcultures, or low levels of education can predispose people to crime.
Adolphe Quetelet used data and statistical analysis to study the relationship between crime and sociological factors.
This theory was advocated by Edwin Sutherland, who focused on how "a person becomes delinquent because of an excess of definitions favorable to violation of law over definitions unfavorable to violation of law." Associating with people who may condone criminal conduct, or justify crime under specific circumstances makes one more likely to take that view, under his theory.
There is no evidence of causation between these personality traits and criminal actions, but there is a correlation.
Typically women are born with XX sex chromosomes, whereas men are born with the XY sex chromosomes.
The Positivist school argues criminal behavior comes from internal and external factors out of the individual's control.
It's key method of thought is that criminals are born as criminals not made into them; this school of thought also supports theory of nature in the debate between nature versus nurture.
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This school developed during a major reform in penology when society began designing prisons for the sake of extreme punishment.