Its King Mengchang beautified the city by ordering hibiscus to be planted upon the city walls.
The Song conquered the city in 965 and used it for the introduction of the first widely used paper money in the world.
Following the Columbian Exchange, the Chengdu Plain became one of China's principal sources of tobacco.
At the time of China's Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties, it represented a separate ancient bronze-wielding culture which—following its partial sinification—became known to the Chinese as Shu.The site of Dujiangyan, an ancient irrigation system, is designated as a World Heritage Site. Founded by the state of Shu prior to its incorporation into China, Chengdu is unique as a major Chinese settlement that has maintained its name mostly unchanged throughout the imperial, republican, and communist eras.It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages.Chengdu was the capital of Wang Jian's Former Shu from 907 to 925, when it was conquered by the Later Han.The Later Shu was founded by Meng Zhixiang in 934, with its capital at Chengdu.