Dating chinese porcelain marks
Tang Ying was the official assigned by the palace as kiln overseer. Generally said, individual potter's marks were otherwise non-existent on imperial porcelain or pottery.He is credited with an excellent contribution to the ceramics manufactured at the imperial kiln during his time. During the Yongzheng reign imperial marks used mostly marks with Kaiti characters (Kaishu), many of these are placed in a double circle.Cyclic calendar dates started to appear mainly on Qianjiang-style dated porcelain in the second half of the 19th century.But these are not marks proper, but rather part of the signatures of porcelain artists.In 1680 (19th year of Kangxi) Jingdezhen fired porcelain for the Qing court for the first time, thus becoming the site of the Qing imperial kiln.Continuing the legacy of the Ming period, most Kangxi wares used Kaiti (Kaishu) marks.
Only in the later Qing dynasty (19th century) stamped seal marks started to appear more frequently.The manufacturer's name was virtually never mentioned before the late 19th century - there were almost no maker's marks in existence in ancient China. Yes, there do exist antiques with so-called shop or factory marks, but they represent only a very small fraction of all the Chinese marks known.Only items specifically made to order for local clients or overseas Chinese communities in Southeast Asia seem to frequently show shop or manufacturer's marks.These had already existed earlier, but only in a limited manner.Otherwise, the majority of antique porcelain marks consisted of hand-written characters.
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There are also some marks known to exist on ceramics of the Three Kingdoms period (3rd century). Real marking of items did not take off until the Ming dynasty.